It is a naturally white and very brittle (prior to the additions of plasticizers) plastic. 5.1 Construction
They can also enhance the PVC's resistance to daylight, and to weathering and heat ageing. These are used to reduce friction during processing. Breathing in, touching, or ingesting any amount of vinyl chloride can be extremely dangerous, which is why anyone who works or lives around this chemical must take immediate action to protect themselves and preserve their health. It's durable, long-lasting, and finds use in a wide range of applications such as construction, packaging, electrical wiring, and medicine. inquire about your free consultation. Chloroethene, Chloroethylene, Ethylene monochloride, Monochloroethene, Monochloroethylene, VC, VCM, Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) CAS No. From wire insulation to Comic-Con statues, this product is found virtually everywhere. The study focussed on three particular applications; windows, flooring and outdoor pipes, utilising data from Germany and Italy (judged to be a fair representation of conditions in north and south European countries). Rigid PVC, also known as PVC-U (The U stands for "unplasticised") is used extensively in building applications such as window frames. According to the Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry, an organization under the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, vinyl chloride is extremely toxic if inhaled, and it can cause major injuries if exposed to the skin directly. PVC has excellent electrical insulation properties, making it ideal for cabling applications. A shorter version, the ToxFAQs™, is also available. With high clarity and excellent organoleptic properties (no transfer of taint to food) it is equally suited for use in short term applications such as specialised packaging. Published 1 … 6.3 Eco-profiles & Life Cycle Assessment
Some research indicates other lasting damage affecting reproduction in both men and women. Vinyl chloride also burns easily and is not stable at high temperatures. Today, vinyl chloride is most commonly used to make a polymer called polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Picture: Tarkett | 2 All weather sailing protection | 3 Inflatable climbing wall. Cape Town World Cup 2010 Stadium. PVC is fully recyclable. Other construction applications: door profiles, pipes and fittings, power, data and telecoms wiring and cables, cable and services ducting, internal and external cladding, conservatories and atria, roofing and ceiling systems and membranes, rainwater, flooring and wallcoverings. This investment has meant that not just prodcution off-cuts are recycled but also products such as doors and PVC-U windows are recycled on a huge global scale. Research also indicates that individuals who breathed in vinyl chloride gas for several years often experienced a change in their liver structure, while others experienced immune reactions and nerve damage. Because this chemical is used in the creation of plastics, it is most often found in factories or workplaces where plastic materials are manufactured. steel, concrete and sealants) which need to be removed before re-processing. PVC can be plasticised to make it flexible for use in flooring and medical products. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) is one of the most commonly used thermoplastic polymers in the world (next to only a few more widely used plastics like PET and PP). Until the middle of the 1970s, manufacturers used vinyl chloride in a variety of products ranging from cosmetics to aerosol cans, but you may recognize one current product that contains this substance: polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Many of the PVC products we use everyday but tend to take for granted contain phthalate plasticisers.
It can be made softer and more flexible by the addition of plasticizers, the most widely used being phthalates. PVC packaging is also widely used in the packaging of pharmaceutical products. Due to its properties it reprocesses well and can be recycled into second (or third life) applications with ease. How can I be exposed to vinyl chloride? Vinyl chloride is an intermediate in the production of PVC plastic used in a wide range of products including pipes, wire and cable coatings, packaging materials, upholstery for automobiles and furniture, wall and floor coverings, flooring, backing for carpet, house … Since the 90's , the European PVC Industry has been working hard to embrace its responsibility to the challenge of sustainable development. 4. 1.2 Bi-Products
VCM is among the top twenty largest petrochemicals (petroleum-derived chemicals) in world production. EDC is then thermally cracked to yield VCM at a few hundred degrees Celsius. It does not occur naturally and must be produced industrially for its commercial uses. 3.12 Lubricants
3.1 Functional Additives
8 Further reading. In creating VinylPlus, the industry has chosen to work in an open process of extensive stakeholder dialogue, including private companies, NGOs, regulators, politicians and users of PVC. Heat stabilisers are necessary in all PVC formulations to prevent the decomposition of the PVC by heat and shear during processing. Vinyl chloride is the starting material for the production of polyvinyl chloride, used in the fabrication of products such as PVC pipe. 1.2 Bi-Products
Up until the mid-1970s, vinyl chloride was used in refrigerators and aerosol spray-cans. PVC is found in various plastic products, including wire insulation and packaging materials. Vinyl chloride is a material that is used extensively in the manufacturing and processing of a wide variety of products. KU9625000. Whilst old windows are recycled, the process is far more complex that off-cuts due to contamination such as building debris (e.g. Vinyl chloride is a colorless organic gas with a sweet odor. 7 Useful Links
More information on the role of PVC in sport can be found at www.pvcinsport.co.uk, PVC is widely used in coated fabrics applications, this includes use in emergency shelters to help people at times of disaster. Eco-profiles provide environmental analysis for a product from 'cradle-to-gate' (as opposed to the 'cradle-to-grave' approach of Life Cycle Assessment). It is produced by breaking down other gasses and chemicals, which creates a colorless gas (at room temperature) with a sweet-smelling, mild odor. Its good impact strength and weatherproof attributes make it ideal for construction products. In 2011, the European Council of Vinyl Manufacturers (ECVM) commissioned an independent company to undertake a study on the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of PVC products. PVC is useful because it resists two things that hate each other: fire and water. tough cases nationwide, and have earned a reputation for taking on and 18 As shown in Figure 7-6 , vinyl chloride is a relatively simple compound. Chloroethene, Chloroethylene, Ethylene monochloride, Monochloroethene, Monochloroethylene, VC, VCM, Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) Colorless gas or liquid (below 7°F) with a pleasant odor at high concentrations. For more information, please visit www.vinylplus.eu. Modern production technologies. Vinyl chloride is a colorless organic gas with a sweet odor. It is also used in making bottles, non-food packaging, food-covering sheets, and cards (such as bank or membership cards). If someone is exposed to vinyl chloride gas, moving to an area with fresh air is usually an adequate remedy, but only if the instance is singular or rare. Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas that burns easily. Polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) resin, the structure of which is shown in Fig. In women, exposure sometimes resulted in irregular menstrual periods and high blood pressure during pregnancy, which can lead to major birth complications. Products and bi-products of PVC manufacture include Chlorine and Caustic Soda, two of perhaps the most important manufacturing "ingredients" not only for PVC manufacture, but many other applications. Until the mid-seventies, vinyl chloride was used in a variety of consumer products, including cosmetics, as a propellant in aerosol cans, and as a coolant. What is Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), and What is it Used For?. The electrolysis of salt water produces chlorine, which is combined with ethylene (obtained from oil) to form vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). CH₂=CHCl. This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
5.6 Coated Fabrics
To protect your interests, make sure you know what vinyl chloride is and how it could be dangerous to you. Vinyl chloride: 75-01-4: 1 pound: 313: U043: 10000 pounds "X" indicates that this is a second name for an EPCRA section 313 chemical already included on this consolidated list. The report, published June 2004, showed PVC products to be comparable to alternatives in their environmental impact. Case Study: The World's First 100 percent Recycled PVC Windows, 6.23 Examples of Some Current Recycling Schemes for PVC. No two individuals are going through the same exact situation. As PVC is a highly versatile construction material with a favourable environmental footprint it is extensively used in the construction of sporting venues. 6.4 Total Cost of Ownership Study
we work with, we have big firm resources that allow us to get the results In other words, this substance has been directly linked to the development of cancer. Vinyl chloride definition, a colorless, easily liquefied, flammable, slightly water-soluble gas, C2H3Cl, having a pleasant, etherlike odor: used in the manufacture of plastics, as a refrigerant, and in the synthesis of polyvinyl chloride and other organic compounds. Polyvinyl chloride, better known as PVC or vinyl, is an inexpensive plastic so versatile it has become completely pervasive in modern society. Vinyl chloride can enter the air, soil and groundwater following improper disposal of chemical wastes. The environmental impacts of any one material cannot be judged in isolation since the use of alternatives will not be without cost, either financially or to the environment. Your browser is out of date. Vinyl chloride is a highly dangerous chemical used to make numerous plastic materials. Inside the house, PVC is used to make linoleum for the floor. PVC-U windows, in a domestic setting, score an "A" rating and in the commercial arena, an "A+" rating - the best there is! 5 Applications
It's used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes, wire coatings, vehicle upholstery, and plastic kitchen ware. May also indicate that the same chemical with the same CAS number appears on another list with a different chemical name. The essential raw materials for PVC are derived from salt and oil. More information on the role of PVC in sport can be found at, Plastics: A Vision for a Circular Economy, 6.5 Voluntary Committment to Sustainable Development (VinylPlus), Rotational Moulding (Materials Available), Styrene Acrylonitrile (SAN) & Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate (AS, Bio-based plastics: Feedstocks, Production and the UK Market, Case Study: Compostable Bags for Organic Waste Collection, Packaging waste directive and standards for compostability, Plastics in Electrical and Electronic Applications, PVC has extensive European food contact and medical approvals, PVC is easy to process, long lasting, tough and light, PVC consumes less primary energy during production than any of the other commodity plastics. Our firm is known for not backing down from a challenge. 5.4 Automotive
goals of every client we work with. Our attorneys are here to help you seek justice and compensation if you were wrongfully injured. Volksparkstadion roof, Hamburg. Molecules of VCM are polymerised to form PVC resin, to which appropriate additives are incorporated to make a customised PVC compound . Contents
2. It is one in a series of Public Health Statements about hazardous substances and their health effects. PVC was first used as cable insulation as a replacement for rubber during the Second World War and continues to be used widely to this day due to its flexibility, ease of handling in installation and inherent flame retardation. IDLH. High Phthalates: High molecular weight (HMW) phthalates are those with 7 - 13 carbon atoms in their chemical backbone. Typical examples of PVC healthcare products include: Flexible PVC is used to make blood storage bags, and in fact is the only material approved by the European Pharmacopoeia for this purpose. Lords Cricket Ground roof. A plasticiser is a substance which when added to a material, usually a plastic, makes it flexible, resilient and easier to handle. The Building Research Establishment (BRE), the UK's leading authority on sustainable construction, has granted PVC-U windows a life-span of more than 35 years however, there are many examples of products lasting much longer than this. The report can be downloaded from the Europa website. As with most recycling streams, sorting is of the utmost importance to achieve optimal recycling of PVC materials. There are two methods to produce VCM: direct chlorination and oxychlorination. Further information on PVC-U windows can be found via our Windows Group homepage, www.bpfwindowsgroup.co.uk. The European PVC Industry's ten-year Voluntary Committment to Sustainable Development, know as Vinyl2010, made exceptional progress in waste management, recycling and the responsible use of additives. Vinyl Chloride CAS#: 75-01-4 Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine July 2006 This Public Health Statement is the summary chapter from the Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride. PVC cables do not harden and crack over time and find use in many applications from telecommunications to electric blankets. 1.1 Raw Materials
For further information, please visit, www.recofloor.org/. The major industrial preparation of vinyl chloride begins with ethylene and has two Conversion. The United States currently remains the largest VCM manufacturing region because of its low-production-co… When treated with certain catalysts, vinyl chloride monomers undergo polymerization and form the larger compound known as polyvinyl chloride, or PVC. Vinyl Chloride is used to make PVC, pipes, electrical wires, plastic boxes, packing materials, cling-wrap for food, upholstery for vehicles and furniture, carpet backing, flooring, tiles, bottles, vinyl records, credit cards, medical devices, cigarettes, and much more. 6.23 Examples of Some Current Recycling Schemes for PVC
why we provide counsel that is customized to fit the unique needs and Those most at risk of vinyl chloride exposure are workers and residents who live near factories that use vinyl chloride in their production lines. In addition to use in stadiums and sporting venues, PVC is used extensively by athletes from the clothes and shoes they wear to the equipment they use and the surfaces they compete on. Following the conclusion of the Vinyl2010 ten year programme, new targets for sustainable development were launched as part of the successor VinylPlus programme. This includes use in seating, roofings, floorings as well as piping and electrical wiring. 75-01-4 RTECS No. These additives can influence or determine a number of the products properties, namely; its mechanical properties, weather fastness, its colour and clarity and indeed whether it is to be used in a flexible application. About 80% of production involves suspension polymerization. They are designed for coating a wide variety of substrates and for impregnation and saturation of fibrous materials like paper, nonwovens, and textiles. First, the raw material VCM is pressurized and liquefied, and then fed into the polymerization reactor, which contains water and suspending agents in advance. Stadium seating. Vinyl chloride may be represented by the structural formula: Atom Legend C = Carbon H = Hydrogen Cl = Chlorine . PVC is produced by polymerization of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). Vinyl chloride is used primarily to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC); PVC is used to make a variety of plastic products, including pipes, wire and … See more. PVC's inherent flame retardant and excellent electrical insulation properties make it ideal for cabling applications. Ca [N.D.] See: IDLH INDEX . The study concluds that not only does PVC provide decisive cost advantages due to its low initial purchase price but also in its low cost of ownership throughout the life of the product. 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